The small intestine is a tubular structure within the abdominal cavity that carries food to the large intestine. The muscles of mastication include: the temporalis, masseter, and the pterygoids (pterygoid internal and pterygoid external). Pathologies: Cirrhosis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, jaundice. October 01, 2020 in Terminology Quiz 1. Here are some digestive system terms for kids. About Us. See our privacy policy for additional details. Barrett's esophagus: a pre-cancerous condition of the esophagus caused by chronic acid reflux. Function: The liver’s exocrine secretion (bile) facilitates the digestion of fats and the removal of excess cholesterol from the blood. Digestive system - Terminology Quiz by. Function: A peristaltic wave triggers the pyloric sphincter to release a few milliliters of chyme at a time into the duodenum. total parenteral nutrition Parenteral nutrition refers to providing nutrition via the veins. See it in 3D! The ability of the digestive system to hold fluids and food. Jiwoon Kim. Health Literacy and Digestive System Diseases. The appendix is a long, slender tube attached at the base of the cecum with great variability. Digestion is the process by … Gravity. The internal anal sphincter, one of the pelvic floor muscles, is a muscular ring that surrounds about 2.5 cm of the anal canal; it is about 5 mm thick and is formed by an aggregation of the involuntary circular fibers of the intestine. Large intestine: This organ is filled with billions of harmless bacteria that turn food into feces while … Function: The large intestine receives food and some water, vitamins, and minerals from the small intestine. If you have questions or are looking for more information, please complete the form below and we will contact you. Bowel: Another word for intestines. stomach: a muscular, baglike organ of the digestive tract; attached to the lower end of the esophagus. The digestive tract is also called the alimentary tract, or alimentary canal. Digestive health requires a complex system of nerves and muscles to propel the products of digestion from the throat all the way through to a bowel movement. The cardiac or gastroesophageal sphincter regulates the passage of food from the esophagus into the stomach. Inside this tube is a lining called the mucosa. The GI tract is a long tube of varying diameter beginning at the mouth and ending in the anus. See it in 3D! Start studying Medical terminology list digestive system. saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the salivary glands and mucous glands of the mouth. Write. Region: Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis. A List of Digestive Enzymes and Their Functions. Cholangioscopy: examination of the bile ducts via endoscopy. Function: Three pairs of extrinsic salivary glands aid in digestion: parotid, sublingual, and submandibular (also called submaxillary). Pathologies: GERD, hiatal hernia, peptic ulcer. Help Desk; Contact Us; Keep In Touch. salivary ducts: Any of the ducts which transport saliva. The descending colon is a vertical segment of the colon that passes downward through the left hypochondriac and lumbar regions. Peristaltic waves push food down from the esophagus to the stomach, where it is churned and passed into the small intestine. The anal canal is the inferior portion of the rectum of the large intestine and the termination of the alimentary canal. The ileum is the longest segment of the small intestine. Function: Once considered to be solely a vestigial structure, the appendix is now known to function as part of the lymphatic system, as it contains a large amount of lymphoid aggregates that are part of the widely distributed gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT). If you need more immediate assistance, please call us at (713) 222-2273. The rectum is the final segment of the large intestine and serves primarily to store and expel solid waste. C. Labi/o. The pyloric sphincter is a valve that regulates the passage of chyme from the pylorus of the stomach to the duodenum. Pathologies: Muscular dystrophy, myositis. The pharynx is a 12.5-cm conical musculomembranous tube. Name: Asheley Poe Date: 01/02/2020 Digestive System Terminology Student Workbook Instructions for Use: This Medical Terminology Handout is a tool for introducing you to the unique language of medical terminology. The oral cavity (mouth) is an oval-shaped cavity located anterior to the pharynx at the beginning of the alimentary canal, where the process of digestion is initiated. Accessory Organs of the Digestive System 4:59 Important Functions of Digestion & Related Terminology 6:03 Go to Medical Vocabulary for the Gastrointestinal System absorption passage of digested products from the intestinal lumen through mucosal cells and into the bloodstream or lacteals. Use the links at the bottom of any email to manage the type of emails you receive or to unsubscribe. Function: The walls are thinner and less vascular than those of the jejunum, with few plicae circulares that are small and disappear gradually. The transverse colon is a horizontal segment of the colon. Taenia coli are bands of smooth muscle that extend along the surface of the large intestine, aiding in the movement of fecal material through the colon. See it in 3D! Pathologies: Adhesions, appendicitis, Clostridium difficile infections, colonic polyps, diarrhea, diverticulosis and diverticulitis, hernia, intestinal obstruction, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis. Function: It is through mechanical and chemical processes that occur in this passageway that consumed food is digested, nutrients are extracted, and waste is expelled. Function: As chyme passes through the lumen, the villi absorb nutrients through columnar epithelial cells of the mucosa, called absorptive cells or enterocytes. Digestive enzymes play a key role in regulating and maintaining the functions of the digestive system properly. Solid waste is temporarily stored in the rectum before being passed through its tapered end, the anal canal. Function: Bile generated by the liver moves out of the common hepatic duct through the common bile duct into the duodenum; when the sphincter of Oddi is closed, the bile is stored and concentrated in the expandable gall bladder. The gall bladder is a conical or pear-shaped musculomembranous sac 7 to 10 cm in length that serves as a reservoir for bile secreted by the liver. D. Both A and C 2. Function: These muscles work together to act on the temporomandibular joint and produce the motions involved in mastication. A. Cheil/o. It serves to moisten the oral cavity, to initiate the digestion of starches, and to aid in the chewing and swallowing of food. The digestive tract (or gastrointestinal tract) is a long twisting tube that starts at the mouth and ends at the anus. Function: Peristaltic waves in the esophagus force the food mass (bolus) toward the stomach as part of the process of swallowing. Spell. Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology . small intestine : a muscular tube about 6 m long; the site of most chemical digestion. riboflavin: Vitamin B2. 23 Full PDFs related to this paper. At each stage, different nutri… This process, called defecation, involves contraction of rectal muscles, relaxation of the internal anal sphincter, and an initial contraction of the skeletal muscle of the external anal sphincter. The glands of the digestive system consist of the tongue, salivary glands, liver, gall bladder, and pancreas. What is the medical term for teeth? When the sphincter of Oddi is relaxed, bile secreted from the liver and pancreatic juices secreted from the pancreas enter the duodenum to aid in chemical digestion and to reduce acidity. Anus. Function: When the sphincter of Oddi is closed, bile flows up the common bile duct and through the cystic duct for storage in the gall bladder. Rhythmic smooth muscle contraction pushes chyme through the small and large intestines. Tools. Function: When the lower part of the rectum is contracted, its mucous membrane forms longitudinal folds that prevent solid waste from pushing toward the anal canal, thus causing a sensation that elicits the urge to defecate. Copy this to my account; E-mail to a friend; Find other activities; Start over; Help; Review common illness pertaining to the Digestive System. The pharynx is situated behind the nasal cavity and oral cavity and above the larynx and esophagus. All rights reserved. Region: Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis. ... 1. sdfafa3432. STUDY. This secretion drains into the pancreatic duct and accessory pancreatic duct that leads to the duodenum. Function: When the peristaltic wave passing through the esophagus reaches the gastroesophageal opening, the cardiac sphincter opens, allowing the bolus to pass into the stomach. Created by. Digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus. See it in 3D! Match. Bronchoscope: a flexible instrument used to examine airways. Pathologies: GERD, heartburn, hiatal hernia. The digestive system allows us to utilize food from such diverse sources as meat from an animal and the roots of a plant, and utilize them as an energy source. Function: It is part of the large intestine, the organ responsible for water absorption and the compaction and storage of solid waste. The 1.2- to 1.6-kg liver, the largest gland in the body, is a wedge-shaped, highly vascular organ with multiple exocrine and endocrine functions that serves as an accessory gland of the digestive system. The tongue is made up of four intrinsic muscles: the superior lingualis, the inferior lingualis, the vertical lingualis, and the transverse lingualis. Digestive System Terms & Definitions Balanced Diet: Suitable amounts of all nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, mineral salts, vitamins, fibre and water) required for normal healthy living. The sigmoid colon is the shortest and narrowest part of the colon. Monthly Newsletter; For The Love of Teaching; Love Learning; … Function: The tongue manipulates food in the oral cavity and contains taste buds, the sensory receptors for taste. Colon: the main part of the large intestine, Digestive system: Comprised of the esophagus, small intestine, colon, rectum and anus, Duodenum: the first part of the small intestine, Endoscope: a long, narrow, flexible tube with a small light and camera at one end. A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z, Acid reflux: a painful condition in which acids regurgitate from the stomach into the esophagus, also referred to as GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), Anus: the opening of the rectum through which solid waste leaves the body. If you are experiencing a medical emergency, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room. Download PDF. Function: As a region of the colon and part of the large intestine, it is responsible for water absorption and the transformation of intestinal materials into feces. Unit M: The Digestive System Terminology List. The esophagus is an approximately 23-to-25-cm-long hollow muscular tube extending from the pharynx to the stomach; it is the narrowest part of the alimentary canal. Function: The body expels waste products from digestion through the rectum and anus. B. Gingiv/o. See it in 3D! Do you know any digestive system vocabulary? This paper. 14 pages 2 - 7. A. Dent/o. Whether it is the ability to coordinate the chewing of the food without injuring our tongue and lips or the propulsion of the food from the stomach into the duodenum while releasing the appropriate enzymes, our digestive system … Body Parts. It is the segment between the ascending colon and the descending colon and is the longest and most mobile part of the colon. The duodenum is a short, wide stretch of the small intestine that receives chyme from the stomach and digestive enzymes from the liver and the pancreas. The diagram of the digestive system that is provided in the article will give one a better understanding of this organ system, as the food moves down from the mouth, through the esophagus to the stomach, small intestine and the large intestine, before it is excreted through the rectum and the anus. Glossary: The Digestive System. Function: The jejunum is thicker, more vascular, and of a deeper color than the ileum, with large circular folds of submucosa called plicae circulares and villi larger than in the ileum. It varies in length from 2 to 20 cm, with an average of approximately 8 cm. The pancreas is primarily an exocrine gland that secretes pancreatic juice, an important digestive fluid. Pancreas: This … The large intestine is a 1.5-m-long portion of the alimentary canal that reabsorbs water and select vitamins and is responsible for the compaction of liquid waste into solid waste, as well as its temporary storage prior to defecation. Function: It is through mechanical and chemical processes that occur in this passageway that consumed food is digested, nutrients are extracted, and waste is expelled. Oral Cavity (Mouth) Cavitas oris. Function: It is located within the region of the pelvis and is responsible for the production and storage of fecal material. Abscess: A swollen, infected, … Endoscopy: the process of inserting an endoscope for diagnostic or preventive purposes. It is made up of a series of … 90% of nutrient absorption occurs in the small intestine, the remaining 10% occurs in the stomach and large intestine. Anus: The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body. digestive system: main parts are mouth, esophagus, liver, stomach, pancreas, gall bladder, intestines: esophagus: a long, straight tube that connects the mouth and throat to the stomach. Download. The common bile duct is part of the ductal system that allows bile to flow from the liver and gall bladder into the duodenum to aid in digestion. Picture of the digestive system. Test. Tax EIN: 74-1653640. Function: Teeth are used for mastication. Memorial Hermann Foundation, a 501(c)(3) Charitable Organization. See it in 3D! See it in 3D! Ampulla of Vater – The nexus of the common bile duct and pancreatic ducts immediately prior to entry into the duodenum. Function: The pharynx functions as part of the alimentary canal and as an airway in the upper respiratory system. Download Full PDF Package. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. See it in 3D! These enzymes not only helps in digestion but due to excess or lack of these enzymes, one can face difficulties in digestions too. Spell the medical terms of the digestive system and use correct abbreviations; Identify the medical specialties associated with the digestive system; Explore common diseases, disorders, and procedures related to the digestive system; Digestive System Word Parts. What is the medical term for Lips? A. Cheil/o B. Gingiv/o C. Labi/o D. Both A and C 2. See it in 3D! Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology. Interchangeable terms for it are digestive tract, digestive canal and alimentary tract. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM TERMINOLOGY REVIEW. These glands secrete saliva—a mixture of water, buffers, and enzymes—into the oral cavity through the salivary ducts. Any of this liquid that it does not absorb it eliminates as solid waste. READ PAPER. The epiglottis is one of the nine cartilages that joint to form the laryngeal skeleton (also known as the larynx or voice box), which is attached to structures of the axial skeleton. Pathologies: Adhesions, Clostridium difficile infections, Crohn's Disease, diarrhea, gastroenteritis, hernia, intestinal obstruction, lactose intolerance, peptic ulcer. Coding Info on. Learn. A short summary of this paper. These are common terms and definitions associated with the gastrointestinal system and digestive problems or diseases. The digestive system includes the salivary glands, mouth, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small intestine, colon, and rectum. Below are a list of key terms commonly used in digestive health. Flashcards. Salivary glands (r, l) are accessory exocrine glands of the digestive system. Plans & Pricing; Gift Cards; Download Free App ; Curriculums; Ways to Connect. Digestive Terminology Quiz The digestive, or gastrointestinal system is uniquely designed to transform the food we eat into nutrients, which the body uses for energy, growth and cell repair. Function: The epiglottis is usually directed upward toward the pharynx, but during swallowing, muscles pull it down to close the entry to the larynx and prevent food from entering the trachea. The cecum is a large pouch that is the beginning of the large intestine, the portion of the alimentary canal responsible for final absorption of nutrients and the compaction of liquid waste into solid waste. What is the medical term for Lips? Function: Its primary function is to temporarily store solid waste that is ready to be eliminated from the body. These terms deal with parts of the body that play an important role in digestion. The external anal sphincter, one of the pelvic floor muscles, is a circular sphincter muscle in the anala region of the perineum. Pathologies: Canker sores, cold sores, gum disease. accessory digestive organ includes teeth, tongue, salivary glands, gallbladder, liver, and pancreas. Digestion involves the breakdown of food into small … Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology. They are situated in the oral cavity underneath the mucosa. Function: Food is masticated in the oral cavity by the action of the teeth and tongue and mixed with salivary gland secretions, which contain enzymes that begin to break down carbohydrates. These muscles work together to give the tongue its great flexibility. Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix. Function: The mixture of digestive enzymes, water, and electrolytes called pancreatic juice, produced in acinar and epithelial cells, drains into the pancreatic duct which extends transversely from the tail toward the head. Copyright © 2020 Memorial Hermann. accessory duct (also, duct of Santorini) duct that runs from the pancreas into the duodenum. See it in 3D! The digestive system(figure 24.1) consists of the digestive tract, a tube extending from the mouth to the anus, and its associ- ated accessory organs,primarily glands, which secrete fluids into the digestive tract. The principal purpose of the esophagus is to expedite the movement of masticated foodstuff from the mouth to the stomach, where it is broken down further. The digestive system's organs are joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus. PLAY. Alimentary Canal. The pharynx is divided into three segments: the nasopharynx, the oropharynx, and the laryngopharynx. We have received your inquiry, and a team member will contact you soon. Digestion can be divided into three stages – the oral phase (mouth), the gastric phase (stomach) and the intestinal phase (small intestine)– depending on the position of food within the digestive tract. The surface of the small intestine is composed of villi, small fingerlike projections that extend into the lumen and increase the intestinal wall’s surface area, allowing for increased nutrient absorption. Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a … Enteroscope: a tool used to examine the inside of the intestines, Esophagus: the muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach, Gallbladder: the organ that works in conjunction with the liver and pancreas to assist with food digestion, Gallstones: a small mass in the gallbladder that blocks the bile ducts, Gastrointestinal: relating to the stomach and intestines, Liver: the organ responsible for blood filtration, detoxification and metabolism, Pancreas: a gland that secretes digestive enzymes into the intestine, Proctoscope: a tool used to examine the anus and rectum, Rectum: the area where the large intestine meets the anus, Sigmoid colon: the part of the large intestine close to the rectum and anus, Sigmoidoscope: an endoscope used to examine the last one-third of the colon, Small intestine/bowel: the longest part of the digestive system, Stent: a device that keeps tubes or vessels open, Stomach: located in the upper abdomen, where the initial stages of digestion occur, Strictures: the irregular narrowing of a passage or duct, Trachea: also known as the 'windpipe,' a major connector that carries air to the lungs, Ulcers: a painful, open sore on the skin or a mucous membrane, Ultrasound: a procedure in which images are generated by sound vibrations, Upper GI Tract: the area of the digestive system that includes the esophagus, stomach and duodenum, Varices: the irregular dilation or swelling of a vein or veins. The alimentary canal is a musculomembranous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus. The jejunum is the middle portion of the small intestine. Terms in this set (61) Absorption. Click on prefixes, combining forms, and suffixes to reveal a list of word parts to memorize for the Digestive System. Thank you for contacting the Memorial Hermann Digestive Health. The permanent teeth are 32 bone-like structures embedded in the maxillae and the mandible of the skull. Function: It has a vital role in chemical digestion and the absorption of water, nutrients, and ions. Knowledge and understanding of the medical terminology pertaining to some of the more common digestive system diseases is an important aspect of health literacy. The small intestine is an approximately 7-m-long convoluted portion of the alimentary canal within the abdominal cavity. System: Digestive. Function: Chyme passes from the stomach into the duodenum through the pyloric sphincter. The ascending colon is a vertical segment of the colon that passes upward from the cecum to below the right liver lobe. Autotrophic Feeding: Way of feeding; food is made by the plants themselves. Home / Terminology Quiz / Digestive system - Terminology Quiz. The stomach is the most dilated part of the alimentary canal; situated between the esophagus and the beginning of the small intestine, it is a principal organ of the digestive system. These flashcards can be helpful. Function: Along with providing food storage, the stomach breaks down ingested food into chyme, both mechanically and by the action of stomach muscles and chemically through secreted acids and enzymes that constitute the gastric juice emitted by the stomach’s mucosa. Anatomy of the Digestive System Facts. The muscles of mastication are a subgroup of the muscles of the head. This handout does not represent a complete or total list of terms. Alimentary canal – It is the part of the digestive system formed by the esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine. Prepare for the Terminology Test while having fun practicing! Bile ducts: a network that transports digestive fluids from the liver and gallbladder to the intestine, Biopsy: the cellular study of tissue removed from a living body. See it in 3D! See it in 3D! Refer to a Medical Terminology Dictionary for a complete list of all current Medical Terminology. About Us; News and Media; One Million Trees Project; Creating Teach Starter; Testimonials & Review; Careers; More. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(189659, '3e44b554-d078-4cb1-bbbd-abb41d9abb0d', {}); hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(189659, 'd81c2b40-64cb-4f78-a901-2d949123900d', {}); When you select "Subscribe" you will start receiving our email newsletter. Provided are a list of key terms commonly used in digestive health, Including acid reflux, Barret's esophagus, biopsy, cholangioscopy, endoscopy, gastrointestinal and many more. A set of word wall cards with digestive system vocabulary. See it in 3D! And pterygoid external ) team member will contact you soon larynx and esophagus received your inquiry, and other tools. Tube about 6 m long ; the site of most chemical digestion 713 ) 222-2273 and! Or gastrointestinal tract ) is a tubular structure within the abdominal cavity that carries to! – it is made by the plants themselves drains into the pancreatic duct that leads to the anus ready be! Enzymes—Into the oral cavity through the small intestine minerals from the body that play an important role in regulating maintaining! The bloodstream or lacteals 's organs are joined in digestive system terminology list long, tube... The Terminology Test while having fun practicing few milliliters of chyme at a into... 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